THE COMPONENTS OF TAI CHI CHUAN
Tai Chi Chuan consists of five basic component parts, they are:-
a. Tai Chi Forms
The most common part of Tai Chi Chuan is the Handform that takes about 15 minutes to complete. The flowing and slow movement which can have a powerful effect on physical and mental health.
There are two stages in learning the Handform. At first, we learn the movements in simplified, step by step way known as the “Square Form”. This can be compared to teaching a child to write, in that he will be taught first to form block letters. Only when we have mastered this simple method of doing the form can we move on to learn the “Round Form” which consists of same technique as Square Form, but which is performed in a free and flowing manner. The Round Form is to the Square Form as cursive script is to block letters.
b. Pushing Hands
Pushing Hands is to train us the using of sensitivity and skilful techniques to disrupt our opponents balance. Pushing Hands plays a major role in self-defence. It can loosen and relax our joints, such training will also increase our sensitivity and improve our reaction.
c. Self-Defence and Wrestling
There is a well known Tai Chi poem “A strength of four ounces overcomes a strength of thousand pounds”. Tai Chi self-defence embraces spiritual and philosophical concepts of combat, a supreme art, rather than just a physical self-defence.
Tai Chi self-defence mentions stillness defeats motion and softness overcomes hardness. The techniques of Tai Chi self-defence taken from the movements of Tai Chi Handform. Practice with a partner is necessary to develop our ability in using these techniques to defend and to counter-attack our opponent. We must make these techniques second nature to us, so that in a real situation, we will react instinctively and decisively.
d. Internal Strength
In ancient time, Internal Strength traditionally as effective training to strong our physique to defend against enemy. Learning the Internal Strength, we can also attain to a transcendental stage of tranquillity. A first rate Tai Chi man should gone this sublime stage or he has no idea at all.
Internal Strength is a self-cultivation of both spiritual and physical training, it was developed base the ideas of Tai Chi theory and the founder studied and learned the living aspects of some long living animals. It comprises a series of twelve Yin styles and complementary series of Yang styles. Following the rhythm of nature, embracing both Yin and Yang with motion and stillness of life in unity, it is the advanced level to be learned in Tai Chi Chuan.
e. Tai Chi Weapons
The three weapons used in Tai Chi Chuan are the Sword, Sabre and Spear. The elegant and continuous movements of the Tai Chi weapons contain the quality of Yin and Yang, softness and hardness, when they are in harmony this is Tai Chi.
The movement of the sword flows like a dragon soaring through in the sky, and the movements of the Sabre as dynamic as a tiger while the spear like willows swaying in the wind.
Last Update : 2016/05/18